SOLANO FORT

Solano Lookout was built based in planes elaborated by Brigadier Agustín Crame- the most outstanding military engineer sent from Spain to our lands. These planes are dated in Caracas, on May 15th, 1778. The actual structure presents the same triangular form as it was created by his author. four interior vaults, two of them were used for lodging garrison personnel, one for store gunpowder, and the other one, to store provisions and implements. In the upper platform, at the South Side, it had eight loopholes, by the North Side and over the round platform that makes its front were putted batteries. As well serves as central point in a narrow army square, with covered paths, but, by the south side the work was not finished at all. Pedro Carbonell, Governor and General Captain of Venezuela, commanded the interruption of work in 1800, due to the highest costs that were impossible to be covered by them. The fort was built starting from 1778, but without the loopholes for cannons. The existing hexagonal structure, built in 1765, designed and constructed by Don José Solano and the Count Don Miguel Roncalli. Despite of its fires too frequent they covered toward the north the bay and the village. Nevertheless, the main objective of this constructions was protect the course of San Esteban River along the way to Carabobo, reaching to San Esteban Valley and bordering the river as well as Pick Hillaria, reached to Valencia City. Solano Lookout was built in such strategic point that overlook all the sea since Cape Patanemo till Tucacas Keys, by the east side, all the avenue from Borburata and Santa Lucía. South address the mountain, the road to Valle Seco and the two ways to Carabobo. By the west it could be seen a vast extension of the Seashore and flat earth. The solidity of its construction: its made of quarry stone exploited in the same place, this avoided not only deterioration caused through years of use, but the possible damage because the war ( by the time there was not sappers nor winners or adequate instruments in the Republican Army). To the great amazement of everybody, the structure can't be blow up in May 1823 when patriotic forces withdraw the city after the siege of it. The Lookout commanded and flanked the so-called "low lookout" one sort of parapet built with the purpose of protect the river till its outlet to the sea, besides, it obstruct the entrance to any besieging force that intended to set in front of the flooding meadow that closed the entrance to the suburbs of the city towards the south. Between the main lookout and the low lookout was built another parapet known as the intermediate. These fortifications are not more than platforms to support the artillery because the easy way as they were captured during the first siege against the square when they were demolish by the realistic. When Alejandro Humboldt visited the city in 1800, the work was paralyzed, the fires of the Fort had never used for attack vessels in the bay, nor to defend the city from pirates. With its cannons were protected the course of the river and a vital road to Carabobo, known as "Spaniard Road". Captain José Solano y Bote, Marqués del Socorro, was born in Cáceres, Spain, on March 6Th., 1726. He visited Cumaná and also travel through the Orinoco River till the Atures Floods ( March 28th, 1756), also knew Caroní River. He made cartographic studies, also actuated as IV Commissary in the Commission for study of the boundaries between the Spanish and Portuguese dominion. Formerly he was been, sword on hand, one defender of the dominion of his king ( called The Sober) in the Naval Battle of Cape Sisie against the British Squad of Admiral Matthew ( December 22nd, 1744). In a new war against the Monarch, will command the vessel "Rayo", making deserves enough so that Charles III, on May 23rd, 1763, put him in charge of the government of the Province of Venezuela, Don José Solano pushed by his scientific fervor drew up a map with special remarks of the natural resources of each region, so that it makes possible develop the agriculture and the cattle raising. Description historical-geographical allow us identify in the distance one Venezuela that encourages its richness and realized an inventory of its resources, besides he established military services in which will do their military assistantship a lot of our liberators combated smuggling with with the Pirated Vessels Organization. In 1756 will proceed to found the Maritime Courier in Venezuela, establishing offices in Caracas and in Puerto Cabello. Don Jose Solano left his name sown in Puerto Cabello, converted in a stone fort. His vital cycle will be prolonged beyond the Captaincy where once a time represented his king. In 1771 he was promoted to as Governor and General Captain of Santo Domingo. Came back topsail and shall be again in America in the northern part to reconquest Florida in 1781 and in the capture of Pensacola. Charles III rewards his courage and loyalty promoting him to General Lieutenant and gave him the concession of the Marquisate of Socorro. Afterwards he received the command for defeating the Englishmen ( this time as Commander of the Naval Forces of the Crown). Indicing, the Old Captain was to one's credit 64 years of services to Spain and his king.